How many toys does a child need?
For a healthy development, children need to play a lot. But toys are not always necessary for this. In any home there is a large number of items which are suitable for playing: pots, spoons, books and so on.
Toys can be made with your own hands. The simpler the toy is the more imagination you need to play with it and the more participation in the game will be needed from moms, dads, brothers and sisters. The minimum required number of toys does not exist.
However, a recent study said that the less toys a child has, the longer and more creatively he will play with them, while an excess of toys will significantly reduce the quality of game.
How to choose a toy?
For children of any age, you should choose simple toys. The more functions the toy has, the less action is required from the child while playing. If child just sits and watches how the toy perform itself, the benefits of such a toy are a little more than watching TV.
Toys should be large and solid, without small elements, shear fractures, scratches and unpleasant odors. There should not be many of them so that the child learned to concentrate on one item.
Rubber toys should be solid and should not crumb. Before buying, you should rub painted toy with your hand: if a trace of paint remains on your fingers, you should not buy it. Toys must be made of different materials: rubber, soft and plastic.
Before the first use, plastic and rubber toys must be soaked in a water with baby soap, and textile ones should be washed with wash powder.
Does developing rugs actually develop?
Three-month-old babies enjoy spending time on developing rugs – there are a lot of interesting things that captivate the baby. A child on it can be left on its own for a long time, so mothers often use a rug to digress.
This is convenient, and you can certainly use it. However, do not forget that from the point of view of development of the child, the rug is not so “developing”. It is important to remember the main principle of healthy development: a child first of all needs interaction with other family members.
Does a baby need gadgets?
Up to a year, a child does not need interactive electronic toys, educational applications on smartphones and tablets. They distract a baby from the social interactions necessary at an early age.
Carried away by such a toy, the baby does not see the expression on the face of parents, their gestures, misses the phrases addressed to him. Numerous researches showed that electronic toys lead to a decrease in the game interaction of parents and a child, later development of speech and mental abilities, and a decrease in motor activity.
How toys change from a birth to one year
Newborn: no toys needed
The first month of a child’s life is a period of adaptation to the outside world. The most important role here is rooming-in and taking care after the newborn. During this time, the newborn will learn to turn his head in different directions, focus his eyes for a few seconds on a stationary object, and respond to the voice of loved ones.
The baby’s life in this period is quite simple. What is important – is a good meal, good sleep, a clean diaper and a lot of maternal warmth. The baby’s vision is not yet sufficiently developed.
Children at this age recognize human faces, so make faces it will be a fun! A baby can even copy your facial expression. At this age, the baby can already distinguish contrasting colors at close range, so a couple of bright rattles will be useful.
The baby’s hearing is also underdeveloped, but he already recognizes the sound of mother’s voice. Talk to your child as much as possible, tell funny stories, ask questions, sing songs, imitate the sounds that he makes. Infants has a well developed tactile sensitivity. Therefore, you need to take your baby to hands, swing, do light gymnastics and, most importantly, provide a large amount of skin-to-skin contact.
During this period the baby already holds his head, turns from back to side, he has coordination in movements. He reacts to sounds, turns his head towards its source, examines his own palms and fingers, clenches them into fists and examines; reaches for toys, shows interest in bright objects. Responds to communication with a walk and smile. The reflexes of the newborn fade away, the daily routine and communication skills with adults are formed. There appears an interest in the world around.
Toys of this age are bright and contrasting, but at the same time simple to perceive. Teach your child to focus on the subject and listen to the sounds. Carefully move the toy in different directions and follow the baby’s attention, accompany the movements with affectionate words. Do not shake toys that make sounds next to the child’s face – this can cause stress and even damage his hearing. At two months of age, keep the toy in the hands of the child, developing a grasping reflex. And by the age of three months, the baby will already learn to hold the toy on its own.
3 – 6 months
- Large cubes
- soft balls
- toys for a finger performance
- books with large pictures, bathing toys
The baby confidently holds his head, turns from his back to his stomach and back, while feeding from a bottle, holds it with his hands, tries to push his legs, sits down with the support of adults. He recognizes his mother and those who communicate with him more often. With strangers act with discretion. During a walk, he unknowingly publishes the syllables “ma-ma” and “ba-ba”. When somebody is talking to him, he talks back, and when communication ceases, he may cry.
The main thing for the development of the baby during this period is communication and collaborative play. The child independently learns toys – holds in his hands, learns to shift from one hand to another. Toys should be large and at the same time comfortable to grip. They should contribute to the development of sensory organs, tactile sensations, visual and auditory perception. You should study bright illustrations with a child, buy bathing toys and a teether.
- Musical toys
- bathing toys
During this period, a leap in physical and neuropsychic development occurs. The child turns over, crawls, begins to sit down, get up and walk with support. Nine-months-old baby begins to walk, holding two hands, learns to maintain balance. Differ family members and unfamiliar people. Baby can babble for a long time when communicating with loved ones, gradually expanding the set of syllables. He looks at books and pictures for a long time. Reacts to its own name.
Recognise items in the house and in the pictures. Starts playing simple games, for example, “Okie dokey“. Baby begins to apply the knowledge and skills. Personal hygiene skills are formed (sitting on potty-chair, the habit of brushing teeth). During this period, the baby is taught to eat on his own, to drink from a mug held by an adult.
Toys here can be miniature copies of adult musical instruments (for example, a synthesizer, saxophone, guitar, drum, xylophone) – they will introduce the baby to a variety of sounds. The same function is performed by barking toy dogs, grunting pigs, and singing birds. Press buttons with a child, play with musical instruments, and sing along.
- clockwork toys
- nesting dolls
- centers for the development of fine motor skills
The child tries to walk independently, play with toys and even interact with other children. Trying to use hygiene items such as comb. Moves to the music sound. He consciously pronounces the syllables “ma-ma”, “pa-pa”, “ba-ba”. Recognizes and finds familiar subjects if asked a question. Emotionally reacts to the intonation of speech and forbidden words. Fulfills simple requests of relatives.
During this period, the assembly and analysis of pyramids, nesting dolls, simple building sets with large details will simultaneously contribute to the development of the intellect and motor skills of a child. Parent’s participation in gameplay will strengthen communication with the baby.
10-12 months is a time of rapid development of social and communication skills. For the development of the child during this period, it is very important that child did not play alone, but with his parents or other children. The best toy will be the one with which he will interact with others.
It should be as simple as possible – so that the child, playing with it, used various skills: speaking, imagination, physical activity. For example, playing with dolls, cars, and animal figures, children use imagination to simulate situations and try to use sounds and words to tell about them – as a result, the child develops language and imaginative thinking.
Playing with cubes, pyramids, sorters, child develops spatial thinking, motor and basic mathematical skills. Toys for physical activity not only contribute to physical development, but also teach interaction: you need to follow the rules of the game, communicate with other participants in the game. Throwing a ball is a very good game with simple rules that will cause a lot of emotions in children and their parents.